Welcome to the Community of Inquiry.

I would like to continue my consideration of cognition in a community of inquiry with an examination of the foundational literature associated with critical thinking. A recent examination of the Cognitive Presence construct by Jens Breivik (2016) attempted to spark debate about the place of critical thinking in the CoI framework. I very much welcome this constructive critique as it provides an opportunity to clarify and refine the conceptual foundation of the CoI framework.

As Breivik’s title suggests, the paper focuses on the critical thinking (CT) construct and its relationship to cognitive presence (CP). ...


Athabasca University is known for its leadership and innovation in distance education. The emergence of MOOCs was of both interest and concern; interest in reference to the opportunities MOOCs could offer as accessible, affordable education and concern at the speed with which MOOCs were being designed and delivered without reference to distance education research/instructional design.

An AU-MOOC Advisory Group was created to consider the opportunity to do just that: evaluate the opportunity to use what is known about successful distance online education in a massive open online course. Learning to Learn Online was the chosen topic for this exploratory MOOC design research. Learning to Learn Online (LTLO) is designed to provide novice online learners with effective skills, practices, and attitudes for online learning.

LTLO is delivered with notions of micro learning communities in mind. Beyond xMOOCs, where traditional transmission models of content delivery is the norm, AU MOOCs are designed to be experiential and collaborative. Beyond cMOOCs, where students are expected to engage in connectivist constructionism and manage their own learning, AU MOOCs are facilitated. The creation of LTLO rested on sound instructional design strategies (Cleveland-Innes, Briton, Gismondi, & Ives, 2015) and the premises found in the online community of inquiry (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2001).




Elba Gutiérrez-Santiuste
Joined September 14, 2017
Assistant Professor, University of Córdoba, Spain
She holds his PhD in Education from the University of Granada (Spain) and Tor Vergata University (Rome, Italy). She received her Master’s

Sonya Berges
Joined September 14, 2017
Grand Canyon University, United States

Elahe Solimani
Joined September 12, 2017
EFL Teacher, Raaz Language Institute, Iran

Mathias Lund Schjøtz
Joined September 11, 2017
Brain Gain Group / DTU, Denmark

Phyllis L MacIntyre
Joined September 5, 2017
Fairleigh Dickinson University, Canada

Cognitive Presence and Critical Thinking
D. Randy Garrison
September 5, 2017
I would like to continue my consideration of cognition in a community of inquiry with an examination of the foundational literature associated with critical thinking. A recent

iMOOCs and Learning to Learn Online
Martha Cleveland-Innes, Nathaniel Ostashewski, Dan Wilton
August 25, 2017
Athabasca University is known for its leadership and innovation in

Cognitive Presence in a CoI
D. Randy Garrison
July 31, 2017
The focus of the Community of Inquiry framework is thinking and learning collaboratively. At the heart of this shared learning experience is the cognitive presence construct which

Faculty development and the Community of Inquiry at Oregon Health and Science University School of Nursing
Martha Cleveland-Innes
July 2, 2017
The Oregon Health and Science University School of Nursing identified a current trend in higher education, and in nursing programs at OHSU specifically: pressure to provide high

Layering the Community of Inquiry Framework with Signature Pedagogies
Barb Brown, Sarah E. Eaton, Meadow Schroeder, Jennifer Macdonald
June 21, 2017
How do online synchronous sessions support student learning in professional graduate programs where students are engaging in research active opportunities

CoI and Learning Outcomes
D. Randy Garrison
June 19, 2017
The topic of this post is to explore the issue of learning outcomes and the Community of Inquiry framework. This is significant and interesting in that the CoI framework is not

Best Practices in Blended Learning: Developing a Community of Professors and Students through Bricks and Clicks
Shehzad Ghani, Dr. Maurice Taylor, Sait Atas, Michael Fairbrother
June 13, 2017
The scope of the project is to better understand how university professors can improve the quality of learning, teaching and the student experience through the development and

CoI Relationships
D. Randy Garrison
May 25, 2017
Kadir Kozan (2016) provides us with a significant piece of research that provides important insights with regard to the relationships

Supporting Discourse using Technology-Mediated Communication: The Community of Inquiry Model in Second Level Education
Adrian O'Connor, Niall Seery, Donal Canty
May 18, 2017
In Ireland, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported that in 2012, 98% of 15-year-old pupils have at least one computer at home, but only 64%

Confirmation Bias and Fake News
D. Randy Garrison
April 3, 2017
Our goal with this Blog is to raise ideas and attempt to resolve issues associated with thinking and learning collaboratively in a purposeful community of inquiry. I would
The Community of Inquiry is a project of the Centre for Distance Education at Athabasca University, researchers of the Community of Inquiry framework, and members of the CoI community.