Welcome to the Community of Inquiry.


Bozkurt (2019) has provided a needed insightinto the intellectual and theoretical development of the field of distanceeducation through an analysis of 1685 articles from 1916 to 2018. This wasprecipitated by the fact that distance education (DE) has evolved to employboth online and offline technologies which “gives DE a multidimensionaland multilayered ecology” (p. 497). More importantly, regarding itspurpose, the review “attempts to map the intellectual network of DE … [toprovide] further understanding … [as to] what has been created … and how thefield should move forward” (p. 497). From my perspective this review isinvaluable to understand the evolution of DE from independent approaches tolearning encompassing stand-alone learning materials to interactive andcollaborative online learning environments we see emerging today. These arevery different approaches and it is not clear whether we will see a trueparadigm shift to online approaches. Intellectually and theoretically can theseapproaches co-exist or complement each other going forward. From thisunderstanding we can begin to explore how the field will move forward.


The project (March-December 2018) analyzed the educational practices in 25 courses delivered at UNED (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia), Spain, using the"Community of Inquiry" (CoI) framework. The aim was to set recommendations based on the analysis.

We have translated, adapted and validated the CoI survey in a Spanish version. 

The project was approved in the II Call for Educational Innovation Projects for Teaching Innovation Groups at UNED (resolution published in March 12, 2018).

The survey and the validation process have been published in a Spanish scientific journal: 

  • Ballesteros Velázquez, Belén, Gil-Jaurena, Inés & Morentin Encina, Javier. (2019). Validación de la versión en castellano del cuestionario ‘Community of Inquiry'. RED-Revista de Educación a Distancia, 59, 1–26. Art, 4. Retrieved from
The first results have been published in Spanish:

  • Gil-Jaurena, I. ...



Brian Miller
Joined September 12, 2020
Doctoral student, Arizona State University, United States

Virginia Alonso
Joined September 6, 2020
Doctoral Candidate, Teaching and Learning, Stem, The Ohio State University, Design to Align, LLC, United States
Professional development consultant researching best practices to support teachers build COI in middle school and high school math

Intellectual Roots of DE and the CoI Framework
D. Randy Garrison
September 1, 2020
  Bozkurt (2019) has provided a needed insightinto

wadha Abdullah Alsaadi
Joined August 27, 2020
University since Malaysia, Oman

Elizabeth A. Ebersole
Joined August 23, 2020
Doctoral Candidate, Digital Education Leadership, Seattle Pacific University, United States
I am a doctoral candidate in Seattle Pacific University’s Digital Education Leadership EdD program. My research interests include

Nur Syafiqah Ahmad Termidi
Joined August 22, 2020
Postgraduate Student, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

CoI Theoretical Updates
D. Randy Garrison
May 25, 2020
The focus of this contribution is to highlight a range of research focused directly on or guided by the Community of Inquiry (CoI)

CoI Design Principles Revisited
D. Randy Garrison
February 13, 2020
My focus in this post is an article by Holly Fiock exploring instructional design principles and strategies associated with the Community of Inquiry framework. This is an

Shared Metacognitive Awareness
D. Randy Garrison
December 7, 2019
Metacognition is central to the awareness and success of inquiry learning. Moreover, it is the means in which we learn to learn so we can continue to meet new learning

Understanding CoI Presences
D. Randy Garrison
October 30, 2019
After taking a short sabbatical this summer I return with a couple of recent studies that I believe enhances our understanding and credibility of the CoI framework with regard to

Use of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model in the analysis and evaluation of courses at UNED (Spain)
Inés Gil-Jaurena
March 26, 2018
The project (March-December 2018) analyzed the educational practices in 25 courses delivered at UNED (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia), Spain, using the"Community

Follow-up to CoI faculty development work at OHSU and beyond
Martha Cleveland-Innes
January 8, 2018
See an informative review, and announcement for another workshop here: https://www

iMOOCs and Learning to Learn Online
Martha Cleveland-Innes, Nathaniel Ostashewski, Dan Wilton
August 25, 2017
Athabasca University is known for its leadership and innovation in

Faculty development and the Community of Inquiry at Oregon Health and Science University School of Nursing
Martha Cleveland-Innes
July 2, 2017
The Oregon Health and Science University School of Nursing identified a current trend in higher education, and in nursing programs at OHSU specifically: pressure to provide high

Layering the Community of Inquiry Framework with Signature Pedagogies
Barb Brown, Sarah E. Eaton, Meadow Schroeder, Jennifer Macdonald
June 21, 2017
How do online synchronous sessions support student learning in professional graduate programs where students are engaging in research active opportunities
The Community of Inquiry is a project of the Centre for Distance Education at Athabasca University, researchers of the Community of Inquiry framework, and members of the CoI community.