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SHARED METACOGNITION
CONSTRUCT AND QUESTIONNAIRE

The Shared Metacognition construct was developed in the context of research on metacognition and specifically the CoI framework. The CoI theoretical framework provided the “context to conceptually and operationally define and operationalize metacognition in a socially shared environment” (Garrison, 2017, p. 62). Shared metacognition (MC) exists at the intersection of the cognitive and teaching presence constructs and goes to the heart of a deep and meaningful educational learning experience.

Metacognition is generally accepted as consisting of two components: awareness of the inquiry process and implementation strategies (regulation). Awareness allows the learner to monitor and actively manage/regulate the inquiry process. Most importantly, in a collaborative learning environment, awareness and implementation strategies are developed through critical discourse and the requirement of participants to explain and justify one's thinking to self and others.

The approach to developing a viable metacognition construct for collaborative learning environments is to subsume self and shared regulatory functions within a single construct. The Shared Metacognition construct (Garrison & Akyol, 2015a, 2015b) reflects the dynamic dimensions of self and co-regulation each exhibiting a monitoring (awareness) and a managing (strategic action) function (see figure below).

SHARED METACOGNITION QUESTIONNAIRE

An invaluable tool in the study and practice of shared metacognition in a community of inquiry is the Shared Metacognition Questionnaire (SMQ). The SMQ has been validated (see Garrison & Akyol, 2015a, 2015b as well as Kilis & Yildirim, 2018).

SHARED METACOGNITION QUESTIONNAIRE
RESOURCE FOR STUDENTS AND AUTHORS

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Shared metacognition
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REFERENCES

Garrison, D. R. (2017). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Community of Inquiry Framework for Research and Practice (3rd Edition). London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis.

Garrison, D. R., & Akyol, Z. (2015a). Toward the development of a metacognition construct for the community of inquiry framework. (Developing a shared metacognition construct and instrument: Conceptualizing and assessing metacognition in a community of inquiry.) Internet and Higher Education, 24, 66-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2014.10.001

Garrison, D. R., & Akyol, Z. (2015b). Corrigendum to 'Toward the development of a metacognition construct for communities of inquiry.' The Internet and Higher Education, 26, 56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2015.03.001

Kilis, S., & Yildirim, Z. (2018). Metacognition within a communities of inquiry questionnaire: Validity and reliability study of Turkish adaptation. KEFAD, 19(1), 680-690. http://kefad.ahievran.edu.tr

RECENT COMMENTS

Heather Saigo on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hi Martha! Thank you for those references. I am adding them to my reading list right now. I appreciate your help! Heather

Heather Saigo on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hi Dan! Thank you for the welcome and the insight. I will check out that post for sure! Heather

Martha Cleveland-Innes on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hi Heather! Great question. Leadership in any group can be informal, shared, and emergent. In education, connectivism tries to get to this. These ideas may start your review of this issue. Corbett, F., & Spinello, E. (2020). Connectivism and leadership: harnessing a learning theory for the digital age to redefine ...

Dan Wilton on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Welcome to the CoI community, Heather! You might be interested in some of the ideas being explored by Terry Anderson and Jon Dron potentially to bridge the gap between more formal, deliberately planned communities of inquiry and informal "sets" or "networks" of learners. Dr. Anderson's blog post below might be a good ...

Heather Saigo on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Oh, I have been wondering about this and maybe someone here has insight. A Community of Inquiry can form without a formal set-up and instructor/leader? I feel like I've participated in CoI that took shape organically among a group of learners, but I'm not sure whether that fits the model. What do you ...

Heather Saigo on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hello! I am a doctoral student in education, in the process of focusing my dissertation questions. I am curious about whether a Discord community constitutes a Community of Inquiry. Perhaps I will do a qualitative evaluation of online interactions to determine whether they fit the CoI framework. Still working on ...

Martha Cleveland-Innes on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hello Ibrahim! Welcome to our log and repository. We look forward to hearing about your CoI research and the results. M.Cleveland-Innes

Ibrahim Garba on The CoI Community
1 month ago
Hello everyone from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia! I'm a Higher Education doctoral student at University of Liverpool in good old United Kingdom 💕! I look forward to sharing part of my thesis with you. I'm looking at ways to improve teaching and learning using the COI framework ...

Lintang Matahari Hasani on The CoI Community
2 months ago
Hello everyone, warmest greetings from Indonesia! I'm a lecturer and researcher at the Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Indonesia. I am looking forward to contribute in the implementation of CoI, especially in the fields of computer science education. I am excited to be a part of this amazing community! ...

Kristin Millard on The CoI Community
4 months ago
Hi, everyone. I am a Higher Education Leadership doctoral student at Maryville University in St. Louis, MO. My dissertation is a mixed-method study on the persistence of international students who study online while living in their home countries. I am using CoI as my framework. I am just beginning my research, and I ...
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.