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Teaching presence in computer conferencing learning environments: Effects on interaction, cognition and learning uptake
Zhao, Huahui and Sullivan, Kirk P. H.

PublishedMarch 2017
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Technology
Volume 48, Issue 2, Pages 538-551
CountryUnited Kingdom, Europe

ABSTRACT
This exploratory study examined how the level and nature of teaching presence impacted two online forum discussions from three dimensions: participation and interaction, cognitive presence, and knowledge development via assimilating peer messages. Effects on participation and interaction were graphically depicted. Effects on cognitive presence and knowledge construction via assimilating messages were suggested via statistical analysis, followed by qualitative interpretations. Twenty-six tertiary online learners with varied demographic backgrounds participated in the study for 6 weeks.

The results showed that the nature of teaching presence in the study, specified to teacher initiation, roles of teaching presence and means of making teaching presence, largely shaped the impact of teaching presence on learning. A higher level of teaching presence was observed to be associated with a lower level of student participation, peer interaction, cognitive presence and learning uptake. Based on the results, implications for integrating and researching teaching presence in computer conferences were provided.

Keywords teaching presence · participation level

CoI focusTeaching presence
MethodologyQualitative
PopulationUndergraduate
Study designCase study
Data analysisTranscript analysis
ContributionEmpirical
Sample size26
Study aim"... this study analysed conference transcripts to reflect how teaching presence actually occurred in online forums in terms of the number, the timing, the forms and the role of instructor postings."
Finding"... the nature of teaching presence and the way of enacting teaching presence is more contributory than the level of teaching presence to the effectiveness of teaching presence on learning in computer conferences."
LanguageEnglish
ISSN0007-1013
RefereedYes
Rights2015 British Educational Research Association
DOI10.1111/bjet.12383
URLhttps://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/121078/1/Teaching%20presence%20in%20computer%20conferencing%20learning%20environments.pdf
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