The Community of Inquiry makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
A Construct Revalidation of the Community of Inquiry Survey: Empirical Evidence for a General Factor Under a Bifactor Structure
Yang, Hongwei and Su, Jian

Published22 November 2021
JournalInternational Journal of Open and Distance Learning
Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 22-40
CountryUnited States, North America

ABSTRACT
The study revisited the community of inquiry (CoI) instrument for construct revalidation. To that end, the study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine four competing models (unidimensional, correlated-factor, second-order factor, and bifactor models) on model fit statistics computed using parameter estimates from a statistical estimator for ordinal categorical data . The CFA identifie d as the optimal structure the bifactor model where all items loaded on their intended domains and the existence of the general factor was supported, essentially evidence of construct validity for the instrument. The study further examined the bifactor model using mostly model-based reliability measures. The findings confirmed the contributions of the general factor to the reliability of instrument scores. The study concluded with validity and reliability evidence for the bifactor model, supported the model as a valid and reliable representation of the CoI instrument and a fuller representation of the CoI theoretical framework, and recommended its use in CoI-related research and practice in online education.

Keywords community of inquiry, teaching presence, social presence, cognitive presence, bifactor model, construct revalidation

CoI focusFull model
MethodologyQuantitative
PopulationGraduate
Data analysisFactor analysis
InstrumentCoI survey
ContributionEmpirical
Sample size238
Study aim"Revisited the community of inquiry (CoI) instrument for construct revalidation."
Finding"Confirmed the contributions of the general factor to the reliability of instrument scores. The study concluded with validity and reliability evidence for the bifactor model, supported the model as a valid and reliable representation of the CoI instrument and a fuller representation of the CoI theoretical framework, and recommended its use in CoI-related research and practice in online education."
Published atCanada
LanguageEnglish
ISSN1492-3831
RefereedYes
RightsPublic domain
DOI10.19173/irrodl.v22i4.5587
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


Viewed by 0 distinct readers




COMMUNITY NOTES

The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the CoI editors.

POST A COMMENT
SIMILAR RECORDS

Validation of the Italian Version of the Community of Inquiry Survey
Nizzolino, Salvatore; Canals, Agustí; Temperini, Marco
This work presents the process of validation of the community of inquiry (CoI) survey in its Italian version. For over two decades, the CoI framework has been used to conceptualize online higher-order teaching/learning ...
Match: full model; factor analysis

An Empirical Verification of the Community of Inquiry Framework
Arbaugh, J. B.
The purpose of this paper is to report on the results of a study that examines whether the Community of Inquiry (CoI) dimensions of social, teaching, and cognitive presence distinctively exist in e-learning ...
Match: full model; factor analysis; united states

New exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis insights into the community of inquiry survey
Kozan, Kadir; Richardson, Jennifer C.
This study has the aim of investigating the factor structure of an adapted version of the Community of Inquiry survey developed by Arbaugh et al. (2008). For this purpose, both exploratory and confirmatory analyses were ...
Match: full model; factor analysis; united states

Constructivist learning environments: Validating the community of inquiry survey for face-to-face contexts
Ariati, Jati; Pham, Thomas; Vogler, Jane S
Serving as a prominent framework for online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI), identifies three factors critical to learning in online environments: teaching presence, cognitive presence, and social presence. ...
Match: full model; factor analysis

Examining online teaching, cognitive, and social presence for adult students
Ke, Fengfeng
Drawing on the Community of Inquiry model (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000), this mixed-method case study examined the nature and interactions of teaching, cognitive, and social presence created by online instructors ...
Match: full model; united states

Revisiting methodological issues in transcript analysis: Negotiated coding and reliability
Garrison, D. R.; Cleveland-Innes, M.; Koole, Marguerite; Kappelman, James
Transcript analysis is an important methodology to study asynchronous online educational discourse. The purpose of this study is to revisit reliability and validity issues associated with transcript analysis. The goal ...
Match: full model; united states

A content analytic comparison of FTF and ALN case-study discussions
Heckman, Robert; Annabi, Hala
While much research has shown that ALNs can produce learning equivalent to FTF classrooms, there has been little empirical research that explicitly and rigorously explores similarities and differences between the ...
Match: full model; united states

Virtual interaction: Design factors affecting student satisfaction and perceived learning in asynchronous online courses
Swan, Karen
This paper looks at factors affecting student satisfaction with and perceived learning from asynchronous online learning. It reports on an empirical investigation that explored relationships between student perceptions ...
Match: full model; united states

Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
Arbaugh, J. B.; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Diaz, Sebastian R.; Garrison, D. Randy; et al.
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the ...
Match: full model; united states

20 Years of the Community of Inquiry Framework
Castellanos-Reyes, Daniela
The Community of Inquiry framework is a collaborative-constructivist process model that describes the essential elements of a successful online higher education learning experience. This history column entry briefly ...
Match: full model; united states
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.