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Validation of the Italian Version of the Community of Inquiry Survey
Nizzolino, Salvatore · Canals, Agustí · Temperini, Marco

Published29 November 2023
JournalEducation Sciences
Volume 13, Issue 12, Pages 1200
CountryItaly, Spain, Europe

This work presents the process of validation of the community of inquiry (CoI) survey in its Italian version. For over two decades, the CoI framework has been used to conceptualize online higher-order teaching/learning experiences as processes of inquiry in which participants collaborate in discourse and critical reflection to cocreate knowledge and achieve meaningful learning. The CoI is hinged on the mutual interaction of three dimensions named presences: teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence. The official survey to detect the level of presence perceived by learners has been predominantly conducted in English. In recent years, a number of scholars have deemed that its original format suits at least a B2 level of English proficiency, and several translations in other languages have been validated. Accordingly, the validation of the Italian version aims to improve the accuracy of the CoI questionnaire conducted among native Italian learners (n = 234). Analyses show satisfactory outputs in terms of validity and reliability of the 34 Likert-scale items, whilst adaptations to other languages open new perspectives grounded on cultural variables.

Keywords survey validation · community of inquiry · validation tools · assessment tools · factor analysis

CoI focusFull model
Data analysisFactor analysis
InstrumentCoI survey translated
Sample size234
Study aim"The limited adoption of the CoI framework within the Italian educational system thus far could potentially experience a positive influence with the introduction of this initial translation of the official survey."
Finding"Based on statistical tests and measurements, the validation process revealed a satisfactory level of internal validity and reliability. Consequently, the Italian version of the community of inquiry (CoI) survey is recommended for assessing the perception of the CoI framework in teaching/learning contexts among Italian native speakers."
RightsCC BY
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