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Validación de la versión en castellano del cuestionario 'Community of Inquiry'
Velázquez, Belén Ballesteros · Gil-Jaurena, Inés · Encina, Javier Morentin

Translated titleValidation of the Community of Inquiry Survey (Spanish Version) at UNED Courses
Published4 November 2019
JournalRevista de Educación a Distancia
Volume 19, Issue 59, Pages 1-26
CountrySpain, Europe

Presentamos el estudio de la fiabilidad y validez del cuestionario 'Community of Inquiry' (CoI) en su versión española. El modelo CoI concibe la enseñanza-aprendizaje en entornos on-line como proceso de indagación, a través del cual los participantes colaboran en el discurso y reflexión crítica para construir conocimiento personal y llegar a un entendimiento mutuo. Consecuentemente, el modelo CoI identifica la presencia de tres dimensiones: a) la presencia cognitiva, referida al grado en que los participantes son capaces de construir significado y conocimiento a través de la comunicación continua, la reflexión y la discusión; b) la social, definida como la habilidad de los participantes de identificarse con la comunidad, comunicarse y desarrollar relaciones interpersonales; c) la docente, referida al diseño, guía y dirección, por parte del profesorado, de procesos cognitivos y sociales con el propósito de lograr resultados de aprendizaje significativos en los estudiantes.

La validación del cuestionario en el contexto de enseñanza a distancia español muestra resultados satisfactorios desde el punto de vista de la validez de constructo y la fiabilidad como consistencia interna, confirmando la utilidad e interés de este instrumento en investigaciones que pretendan analizar y mejorar el desarrollo de procesos educativos a través de comunidades de indagación.

We present the study of the reliability and validity of the 'Community of Inquiry' (CoI) survey in its Spanish version. The CoI model conceives teaching-learning in on-line environments as a process of inquiry, through which the participants collaborate in the discourse and critical reflection to build personal knowledge and reach a mutual understanding. Consequently, the CoI model identifies the presence of three dimensions: a) the cognitivepresence, referred to the degree to which the participants are capable of constructing meaning and knowledge through continuous communication, reflection and discussion; b) the socialpresence, defined as the ability of participants to identify with the community, communicate and develop interpersonal relationships; c) the teachingpresence, referred to the design, guidance and direction, on the part of the faculty, of cognitive and social processes with the purpose of achieving significant learning results in the students.

The validation of the survey in the context of Spanish distance learningshows satisfactory results from the point of view of construct validity and reliability as internal consistency, (> 0.90 for each dimension), confirming the usefulness and interest of this instrument in investigations that seek to analyze and improve the development of educational processes through communities of inquiry.

Keywords comunidad de indagación · cuestionario · fiabilidad · validez · educación a distancia · community of inquiry · survey · reliability · validity · distance education

LanguageSpanish, English
RightsCC BY-ND
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The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.