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Stefan Stenbom
January 31, 2024

We are happy to share the release of our new book, The Design of Digital Learning Environments: Online and Blended Applications of the Community of Inquiry

Within this book, 26 researchers consolidate the CoI framework and confirm it through rigorous research and testing so that it is applicable in practice.

The Design of Digital Learning Environments provides comprehensive guidelines for creating and delivering high-quality online and blended learning experiences in higher education. With increasing numbers of students engaged in partially or fully digital education, graduate students preparing for design, development, or faculty roles need fresh, practical applications of cutting-edge research and theory. This textbook uses the Community of Inquiry framework, an influential and invaluable pedagogical model focused on deep learning, to aid educators in forging meaningful, collaborative connections with students engaged in digitally supported multi-modal learning in colleges and universities, MOOCs, and lifelong learning initiatives. Across five parts, the book covers the basic structure, concepts, terminology, and history of the Community of Inquiry; principles for designing and delivering digital courses; design for specific course conditions; applications of learning activities guided by the framework; and current limitations and directions for further research.


PART 1: Introduction

1. Introduction to the Community of Inquiry theoretical framework. Stefan Stenbom and Martha Cleveland-Innes

2. A brief history of the Community of Inquiry framework (a personal recollection). D. Randy Garrison

PART 2: Guiding principles

3. Evidence-based collaborative and constructivist online design and practice. Jennifer C. Richardson, Yukiko Maeda, Secil Caskurlu, Kadir Kozan and Karen Swan

4. Teaching Presence as a guide for productive design in online and blended learning. Peter Shea

5. Design and facilitation to balance Social, Teaching, and Cognitive Presence. Yoshiko Goda

6. Fostering student self- and co-regulation in a community of inquiry: development of a Self-Assessment and Praxis Tool. Debra Dell and Norman Vaughan

PART 3: Course design 

7. The Community of Inquiry in blended synchronous designs. Géraldine Heilporn and Sawsen Lakhal

8. The Community of Inquiry in international and intercultural settings. Jenna Mittelmeier and Bart Rienties

9. Scaling the Community of Inquiry framework for MOOC design. Nathaniel Ostashewski and Martha Cleveland-Innes

PART 4: Course delivery

10. Applying Community of Inquiry in designing higher education lifelong learning courses: the case of the BUFFL-project. Jimmy Jaldemark, Peter Mozelius, and Peter Öhman

11. Hands-on science learning using the Community of Inquiry framework. Katarin A. MacLeod and Wendy L. Kraglund-Gauthier

12. Strategies to promote Cognitive Presence in asynchronous online discussions: a 20-year systematic review of empirical research. Ayesha Sadaf and Larisa Olesova

13. Digital meetings guided by the Community of Inquiry framework. Fredrik Enoksson and Stefan Stenbom

14. The Community of Inquiry and authentic assessment: a union of flexibility and purpose. Dianne Conrad

PART 5: Conclusion, limitations, and recommendations

15. Conclusions and further directions. Martha Cleveland-Innes and Stefan Stenbom

Cleveland-Innes, M.F., Stenbom, S., & Garrison, D.R. (Eds.). (2024). The Design of Digital Learning Environments: Online and Blended Applications of the Community of Inquiry (1st ed.). Routledge.




Community of Inquiry Research: Two Decades On
D. Randy Garrison
May 1, 2024
A decade after the publication of the seminal article describing the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000), we provided a personal perspective concerning its development and

New book: The Design of Digital Learning Environments: Online and Blended Applications of the Community of Inquiry
Stefan Stenbom
January 31, 2024

Shared Metacognition and the Emergence of AI
D. Randy Garrison
November 1, 2023
Artificial intelligence brings increasing attention to critical thinking and discourse. From an educational perspective, my rationale is that the community of inquiry framework, whose

Social Presence Reconsidered
D. Randy Garrison
October 3, 2023
My previous editorial addressed the generic nature of the CoI framework. Given the relevance and validity of the CoI framework in face-to-face settings, this editorial considers the

CoI Framework in Face-to-Face Environments
D. Randy Garrison
August 1, 2023
I think it is safe to say that the general perception of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework is that it is specific to an online or at best blended learning environment. The reality
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.