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D. Randy Garrison
EDITOR
ORGANIZATIONUniversity of Calgary
PROFESSIONProfessor Emeritus
COUNTRYCanada
WEBSITEhttp://www.thecommunityofinquiry.org
EMAILgarrison@ucalgary.ca

D. Randy Garrison is professor emeritus at the University of Calgary.

Dr. Garrison has published extensively on teaching and learning in adult, higher and distance education contexts. He has authored, co-authored or edited fifteen books; 94 articles; 68 book chapters; 40 conference proceedings; and more than 100 academic presentations. His major books are:
  • Garrison, D. R. (2017). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Community of Inquiry Framework for Research and Practice (3rd Edition);
  • Garrison, D. R. (2016). Thinking Collaboratively: Learning in a Community of Inquiry;
  • Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. (2008). Blended learning in higher education: Framework, principles and guidelines;
  • Garrison, D. R., & Archer, W. (2000). A transactional perspective on teaching-learning: A framework for adult and higher education.
Curriculum vitae

RESEARCH INTERESTS
community of inquiry framework, shared metacognition


D. RANDY GARRISON'S EDITORIALS

Shared Metacognition and Regulation Response
August 8, 2022
It is with some ambivalence that I draw your attention to an article that highlights arguable opportunities for improvement...

Collaborative Inquiry and Asynchronous Discourse
July 4, 2022
The purpose of this post is to explore the connection between collaborative inquiry (cognitive presence) and asynchronous...

Faculty Development and the Community of Inquiry
May 6, 2022
The focus of this short post is to highlight the essential role of faculty development and the role of the Community of...

Automatic Detection of Social Presence
March 4, 2022
Several years ago, I provided an introduction to the role of learning analytics in the context of the Community of Inquiry...

CoI Instrument Validation
November 25, 2021
My goal here is to simply draw your attention to a study that provides a comprehensive overview of Community of Inquiry...

CoI Questionnaire: 2.0?
July 13, 2021
My goal in this post is to draw attention to an important study that used advanced statistical techniques to analyze the CoI...

Purposeful and Social Interaction
April 22, 2021
In a previous editorial I had addressed the challenge of designing a collaborative inquiry that goes beyond simple...

Teaching Presence Meta-Analysis
January 16, 2021
I want to draw your attention to a theoretically and pragmatically significant meta-analysis of the Community of Inquiry...

CoI Emergence and Influence
November 9, 2020
I was recently interviewed for a podcast focused on Reflective Teaching in a Digital Age (

Intellectual Roots of DE and the CoI Framework
September 1, 2020
Bozkurt (2019) has provided a needed insight into the intellectual and theoretical development of the field of distance...

CoI Theoretical Updates
May 25, 2020
The focus of this contribution is to highlight a range of research focused directly on o

CoI Design Principles Revisited
February 13, 2020
My focus in this post is an article by Holly Fiock exploring instructional design principles and strategies associated with the...

Shared Metacognitive Awareness
December 7, 2019
Metacognition is central to the awareness and success of inquiry learning. Moreover, it is the means in which we learn to...

Understanding CoI Presences
October 30, 2019
After taking a short sabbatical this summer I return to a couple of recent studies that I believe enhances our understanding...

Social and Cognitive Presence Relationships
June 17, 2019
In this blog my focus is on a very interesting research publication by

Success in a CoI Environment
May 13, 2019
This post builds on a previous post regarding the outcomes of a community of inquiry learning experience...

Hierarchical Validation of the CoI Framework
April 3, 2019
Without question the most important development of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) theoretical framework is the growing evidence...

Implementing Shared Metacognition
February 27, 2019
Metacognition is key to learning how to learn. Metacognitive approaches to learning starts with designing and planning the...

Design Principles
January 4, 2019
At the core of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework is critical discourse in the service of inquiry. The CoI framework...

MOOCs and the Community of Inquiry
December 5, 2018
Structured massive open online courses (MOOCs) provide cost-effective access to high quality course materials. This approach to...

Shared Metacognition
October 23, 2018
If I had to pick an area of research with the greatest potential for understanding thinking and learning in a collaborative...

Validity of CoI
September 29, 2018
Students have frequently asked me for references that validate the CoI framework and associated survey instrument. My...

Learning Analytics and the CoI framework
September 3, 2018
Advances in learning analytics focused on understanding and shaping the learning environment would seem to have a natural fit...

Learning Outcomes and Presences
July 10, 2018
In this post I will pick-up on the topic of learning outcomes and the CoI framework that I addressed in a previous editorial...

Assessment of CoI Revisions
June 1, 2018
For those interested in the theoretical aspects of the CoI framework let me draw your attention to an inventory and assessment...

Facilitation Responsibilities
April 26, 2018
Nothing may be more central to the success of a community of inquiry than facilitation. Yes, design is a crucial predicate;...

Critical Thinking and Social Media: An Argument for Learning Communities
March 13, 2018
With all the attention focused on "fake news" I began to think about how the principles and processes of the CoI framework...

Designing a Community of Inquiry
January 2, 2018
In this first post of the New Year I will focus on creating an effective community of inquiry. This is the teaching...

The Impact of Teaching Presence
November 27, 2017
I have described teaching presence as the essential element of a community of inquiry that sustains a purposeful collaborative...

Other Presences?
October 24, 2017
The focus of this post is an examination of two recent articles that suggest adding a fourth presence within the Community...

Social Presence and Interdependence
October 2, 2017
In this post I wish to draw your attention to the violation of one of the basic assumptions of the Community of Inquiry...

Cognitive Presence and Critical Thinking
September 5, 2017
I would like to continue my consideration of cognition in a community of inquiry with an examination of the foundational...

Cognitive Presence in a CoI
July 31, 2017
The focus of the Community of Inquiry framework is thinking and learning collaboratively. At the heart of this shared learning...

CoI and Learning Outcomes
June 19, 2017
The topic of this post is to explore the issue of learning outcomes and the Community of Inquiry framework. This is significant...

CoI Relationships
May 25, 2017
Kadir Kozan (2016) provides us with a significant piece of research that provides

Confirmation Bias and Fake News
April 3, 2017
Our goal with this Blog is to raise ideas and attempt to resolve issues associated with thinking and learning collaboratively...
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The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.