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Exploring social and cognitive presences in communities of inquiry to perform higher cognitive tasks
Tirado Morueta, Ramón · Maraver López, Pablo · Hernando Gómez, Ángel · Harris, Victor W.

PublishedOctober 2016
JournalThe Internet and Higher Education
Volume 31, Pages 122-131
CountrySpain, Europe

The purpose of the current study was to explore social and cognitive relationships among students when they are solving complex cognitive tasks in online discussion forums (self-regulated). An online course targeting interventions for risk behaviors was developed in the Virtual Campus of Andalusia, Spain. A total of 9878 units of meaning posted in 96 online discussion forums during three academic years (2010–11, 2011–12 and 2012–13) were analyzed through the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework. The degree to which online tasks at three different levels of cognitive demand (analyze, evaluate and create) triggered cognitive and social processes were examined. The results indicate that there was a specific increasing trend in the frequency of cognitive and social activity according to the requirement of the task. This study also found that the nature of the learning task modulated the different components of social and cognitive presence in these contexts.

Keywords social presence · cognitive presence · collaborative learning · online learning · higher education

CoI focusSocial presence, Cognitive presence
Study designCase study
Data analysisContent analysis
InstrumentCoI transcript analysis
Sample size206
Study aim"... to understand the social and cognitive processes that students perform in communities of inquiry, considering the type of learning tasks of higher order."
Finding"... social participation of any nature (expressions of affection, interaction and cohesion) increased with the increased requirements for the task in online learning groups."
Rights2016 Elsevier Inc.
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