The Community of Inquiry makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
A network-based analytic approach to uncovering the relationship between social and cognitive presences in communities of inquiry
Rolim, Vitor · Ferreira, Rafael · Lins, Rafael Dueire · Gǎsević, Dragan

PublishedJuly 2019
JournalThe Internet and Higher Education
Volume 42, Pages 53-65
CountryBrazil, United Kingdom, Australia, South America

This paper presents a network-based approach to uncovering the relationship between the elements of social and cognitive presences in a community of inquiry. The paper demonstrates how epistemic network analysis (ENA) can provide new qualitative and quantitative insights into the students' development of social and critical thinking skills in communities of inquiry. More specifically, ENA was used to accomplish three different research goals: i) uncovering links between social and cognitive presences of communities of inquiry; ii) evaluating the effectiveness of two instructional interventions on student experience as measured by connections between cognitive and social presences; and iii) exploring how the relationship between social and cognitive presences changed over time during a course. The proposed approach was applied to the coded transcripts of asynchronous online discussions performed in a fully-online graduate level course. The results of this study showed that indicators of social presence had more association with the exploration and integration phases of cognitive presence. Besides, indicators of the affective category of social presence had stronger links with the two high levels of cognitive presence (i.e., integration and resolution), while indicators of interactive messages of social presence were more connected to the two low levels (triggering events and exploration) of cognitive presence.

Keywords community of inquiry · model graph-based analysis · epistemic network analysis · online discussion

CoI focusSocial presence, Cognitive presence
Data analysisEpistemic network analysis
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

Viewed by 0 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the CoI editors.


Exploring social and cognitive presences in communities of inquiry to perform higher cognitive tasks
Tirado Morueta, Ramón; Maraver López, Pablo; Hernando Gómez, Ángel; Harris, Victor W.
The purpose of the current study was to explore social and cognitive relationships among students when they are solving complex cognitive tasks in online discussion forums (self-regulated). An online course targeting ...
Match: social presence; cognitive presence

Student-Student Online Coaching as a Relationship of Inquiry: An Exploratory Study from the Coach Perspective
Stenbom, Stefan; Hrastinski, Stefan; Cleveland-Innes, Martha
There are comparatively few studies on one-to-one tutoring in online settings, even though it has been found to be an effective model. This paper explores student-student online coaching from the coach perspective. The ...
Match: relationship; community of inquiry

Applying Online Instructor Presence Amidst Changing Times
Rosser-Majors, Michelle L.; Rebecor, Sandra; McMahon, Christine; Anderson, Stephanie L.
Online learning can be challenging for both the students and instructors. Students can feel isolated or intimidated by the asynchronous environment, and instructors may find it difficult to connect with students as well ...
Match: social presence; cognitive presence; community of inquiry

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Indicators of the Community of Inquiry Framework and Retention in Online Programs
Boston, Wally; Díaz, Sebastián R.; Gibson, Angela M.; Ice, Phil; et al.
As the growth of online programs continues to rapidly accelerate, concern over retention is increasing. Models for understanding student persistence in the face-to-face environment are well established, however, the ...
Match: relationship; social presence; community of inquiry

Emotional presence in a relationship of inquiry: The case of one-to-one online math coaching.
Stenbom, Stefan; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Hrastinski, Stefan
Emotions have been confirmed to be a critical component of the process of learning. In the online Community of Inquiry theoretical framework, and the recently suggested online Relationship of Inquiry framework, emotions ...
Match: relationship; community of inquiry

Interrelationships between and among social, teaching, and cognitive presence
Kozan, Kadir; Richardson, Jennifer C.
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationships between and among teaching, social, and cognitive presence. To this end, Spearman's rank correlation and partial correlation analyses were employed. ...
Match: relationship; social presence; cognitive presence; community of inquiry

Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
Arbaugh, J. B.; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Diaz, Sebastian R.; Garrison, D. Randy; et al.
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the ...
Match: social presence; cognitive presence; community of inquiry

Critical Inquiry in a Text-Based Environment: Computer Conferencing in Higher Education
Garrison, D. Randy; Anderson, Terry; Archer, Walter
The purpose of this study is to provide conceptual order and a tool for the use of computer-mediated communication (CMC) and computer conferencing in supporting an educational experience. Central to the study introduced ...
Match: social presence; cognitive presence; community of inquiry

The Development of a Community of Inquiry over Time in an Online Course: Understanding the Progression and Integration of Social, Cognitive and Teaching Presence
Akyol, Zehra; Garrison, D. Randy
The purpose of this study was to explore the dynamics of an online educational experience through the lens of the Community of Inquiry framework. Transcript analysis of online discussion postings and the Community of ...
Match: social presence; cognitive presence; community of inquiry

Student Engagement in Online and Blended Learning in a Higher Education Institution in the Middle East: Challenges and Solutions
Fazza, Hany; Mahgoub, Mohamed
This paper aims to identify challenges to students’ engagement in online learning at the Qatar branch campus of America’s Georgetown University, and to propose solutions. Specifically, it: 1) identifies challenges ...
Match: social presence; community of inquiry
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.