The Community of Inquiry makes use of cookies. By continuing, you consent to this use. More information.
Emotional presence in a relationship of inquiry: The case of one-to-one online math coaching.
Stenbom, Stefan · Cleveland-Innes, Martha · Hrastinski, Stefan

PublishedMarch 2016
JournalOnline Learning
Volume 20, Issue 1
CountrySweden, Europe

Emotions have been confirmed to be a critical component of the process of learning. In the online Community of Inquiry theoretical framework, and the recently suggested online Relationship of Inquiry framework, emotions are considered a subsection of social presence. In this study, the concept of emotional presence is examined. This examination occurs within the Relationship of Inquiry framework, developed to analyze one-to-one online coaching. A survey of online coaches and a transcript coding procedure from the online coaching service Math Coach provide the data for the study. The results indicate that a Relationship of Inquiry framework consisting of cognitive, social, teaching, and emotional presence enhances the exploration of one-to-one online coaching settings. The interpretation of these results identifies emotional presence as an essential and distinct part of one-to-one online math coaching.

Keywords Online coaching · Relationship of Inquiry · Community of Inquiry · Emotion · Emotional presence

CoI focusFull model - adaptation
Study designSurvey development
InstrumentModified CoI survey
Sample size41
Study aim"The aim of this paper is to examine the role of emotions in the Relationship of Inquiryframework. This is accomplished by evaluating Cleveland-Innes and Campbell’s (2012) suggestion that emotions may exist as a separate element in the Community of Inquiry."
Finding"The findings support the premises that (1) emotional presence exists in an online Relationship of Inquiry, and (2) emotional presence can be measured outside of social presence."
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar

Viewed by 0 distinct readers


The evaluations below represent the judgements of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the CoI editors.


Student-Student Online Coaching as a Relationship of Inquiry: An Exploratory Study from the Coach Perspective
Stenbom, Stefan; Hrastinski, Stefan; Cleveland-Innes, Martha
There are comparatively few studies on one-to-one tutoring in online settings, even though it has been found to be an effective model. This paper explores student-student online coaching from the coach perspective. The ...
Match: stenbom, stefan; cleveland-innes, martha; hrastinski, stefan; relationship; online coaching; relationship of inquiry; community of inquiry; sweden

Revising the Community of Inquiry framework for the analysis of one-to-one online learning relationships
Stenbom, Stefan; Jansson, Malin; Hulkko, Annelie
In online learning research, the theoretical community of inquiry framework has been used extensively to analyze processes of inquiry among learners and instructors within a community. This paper examines a special case ...
Match: stenbom, stefan; relationship; full model - adaptation; online coaching; relationship of inquiry; community of inquiry; sweden

Emotional Presence, Learning, and the Online Learning Environment
Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Campbell, Prisca
In spite of evidence that more and more students are engaging in online learning experiences, details about the transition for teachers and students to a new learning environment are still unconfirmed. While new ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; emotional; full model - adaptation; community of inquiry; emotional presence

Online question and answer sessions: How students support their own and other students' processes of inquiry in a text-based learning environment
Jansson, Malin; Hrastinski, Stefan; Stenbom, Stefan; Enoksson, Fredrik
Online tutoring has been found to have a positive impact on student learning in STEM education. The aim of this study was to explore how and to what extent students supported their own and other students' processes of ...
Match: stenbom, stefan; hrastinski, stefan; community of inquiry; sweden

Disciplinary differences and emotional presence in communities of inquiry: Teachers’ expressions of digital technology-enabled teaching
Sundgren, Marcus; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Cleveland-Innes, Martha
This work was built on two strands of earlier research on the community of inquiry framework (CoI). The first strand was Biglan's seminal work on disciplinary epistemological structures and how these structures impact ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; emotional; full model - adaptation; sweden

Exploring digital technologies in higher educational settings: Enabling a community of inquiry
Sundgren, Marcus
Designing an educational experience that fosters higher-order thinking and learning is a significant challenge in a campus setting, and more so in an online setting. The constantly changing nature of educational ...
Match: full model - adaptation; community of inquiry; emotional presence; sweden

A systematic review of the Community of Inquiry survey
Stenbom, Stefan
The purpose of this paper is to gain knowledge about the implementation and development of the Community of Inquiry survey. This paper describes a systematic review of peer-reviewed journal papers where the survey has ...
Match: stenbom, stefan; community of inquiry; sweden

Principles of Blended Learning: Shared Metacognition and Communities of Inquiry
Vaughan, Norman D.; Dell, Deborah; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Garrison, D. Randy
The rapid migration to remote instruction during the Covid-19 pandemic has expedited the need for more research, expertise, and practical guidelines for online and blended learning. A theoretical grounding of approaches ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; community of inquiry

Subject matter effects and the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework: An exploratory study
Arbaugh, J. B.; Bangert, Arthur; Cleveland-Innes, Martha
This paper integrates the emerging literatures of empirical research on the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework and disciplinary effects in online teaching and learning by examining the disciplinary differences in ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; community of inquiry

Student role adjustment in online communities of inquiry: Model and instrument validation
Garrison, D. Randy; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Fung, Tak
The purpose of this study is to validate an instrument to study role adjustment of students new to an online community of inquiry. The community of inquiry conceptual model for online learning was used to shape this ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; community of inquiry
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.