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Critical thinking, cognitive presence, and computer conferencing in distance education
Garrison, D. Randy · Anderson, Terry · Archer, Walter

Published2001
JournalAmerican Journal of Distance Education
Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 7-23
CountryCanada, North America

ABSTRACT
This article describes a practical approach to judging the nature and quality of critical discourse in a computer conference. A model of a critical community of inquiry frames the research. A core concept in defining a community of inquiry is cognitive presence. In turn, the practical inquiry model operationalizes cognitive presence for the purpose of developing a tool to assess critical discourse and reflection. The authors present encouraging empirical findings related to an attempt to create an efficient and reliable instrument to assess the nature and quality of critical discourse and thinking in a text‐based educational context. Finally, the authors suggest that cognitive presence (i.e., critical, practical inquiry) can be created and supported in a computer‐conference environment with appropriate teaching and social presence.

Keywords cognitive presence · critical thinking · practical inquiry · computer-mediated communication · CMC · community of inquiry

CoI focusCognitive presence
PopulationGraduate
Data analysisContent analysis
ContributionFoundational
Study aim"... to create an efficient and reliable electronic assessment tool that could expeditiously provide important teaching and learning information with regard to the nature and quality of the critical-thinking process (i.e., cognitive presence) as reflected in a computer-conference transcript."
LanguageEnglish
RefereedYes
DOI10.1080/08923640109527071
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


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