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Principles of Blended Learning: Shared Metacognition and Communities of Inquiry
Vaughan, Norman D. · Dell, Deborah · Cleveland-Innes, Martha · Garrison, D. Randy

PublishedOctober 2023
PeriodicalPages 186
PublisherAU Press
CountryCanada, North America

The rapid migration to remote instruction during the Covid-19 pandemic has expedited the need for more research, expertise, and practical guidelines for online and blended learning. A theoretical grounding of approaches and practices is imperative to support blended learning and sustain change across multiple levels in education organizations, from leadership to classroom. The Community of Inquiry is a valuable framework that regards higher education as both a collaborative and individually constructivist learning experience. The framework considers the interdependent elements of social, cognitive, and teaching presence to create a meaningful learning experience. In this volume, the authors further explore and refine the blended learning principles presented in their first book, Teaching in Blended Learning Environments: Creating and Sustaining Communities of Inquiry, with an added focus on designing, facilitating, and directing collaborative blended learning environments by emphasizing the concept of shared metacognition.

Keywords blended learning · community of inquiry · shared metacognition · design · facilitation · instruction · assessment · collaboration

Published atAthabasca, Alberta
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Teaching in Blended Learning Environments
Vaughan, Norman D.; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Garrison, D. Randy
Teaching in Blended Leaning Environments provides a coherent framework in which to explore the transformative concept of blended learning. Blended learning can be defined as the organic integration of thoughtfully ...
Match: vaughan, norman d.; cleveland-innes, martha; garrison, d. randy; communities; blended learning; community of inquiry; canada

Student role adjustment in online communities of inquiry: Model and instrument validation
Garrison, D. Randy; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Fung, Tak
The purpose of this study is to validate an instrument to study role adjustment of students new to an online community of inquiry. The community of inquiry conceptual model for online learning was used to shape this ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; garrison, d. randy; communities; community of inquiry; canada

Educational Communities of Inquiry
Akyol, Zehra; Garrison, D. Randy
Communications technologies have been continuously integrated into learning and training environments which has revealed the need for a clear understanding of the process. The Community of Inquiry (COI) Theoretical ...
Match: garrison, d. randy; metacognition; communities; community of inquiry; assessment

Validating a Measurement Tool of Presence in Online Communities of Inquiry
Swan, Karen P.; Richardson, Jennifer C.; Ice, Phillip; Garrison, D. Randy; et al.
This article examines work related to the development and validation of a measurement tool for the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework in online settings. The framework consists of three elements: social presence, ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; garrison, d. randy; communities; canada

Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
Arbaugh, J. B.; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Diaz, Sebastian R.; Garrison, D. Randy; et al.
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; garrison, d. randy; community of inquiry; canada

Blended Learning in Higher Education
Garrison, D. Randy; Vaughan, Norman D.
This groundbreaking book offers a down-to-earth resource for the practical application of blended learning in higher education as well as a comprehensive examination of the topic. Well-grounded in research, Blended ...
Match: vaughan, norman d.; garrison, d. randy; blended learning

Shared Metacognition in a Community of Inquiry
Garrison, Randy
The article begins with a review of the shared metacognition construct and its function within the Community of Inquiry theoretical framework. The primary focus of the shared metacognition construct is the role of ...
Match: metacognition; shared metacognition; canada

Role Adjustment for Learners in an Online Community of Inquiry: Identifying the Challenges of Incoming Online Learners
Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Garrison, D. Randy; Kinsel, Ellen
This study outlines the process of adjustment learners experience when first participating in an online environment. Findings from a pilot study of adjustment to online learning environments validate differences found ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; garrison, d. randy; canada

Disciplinary differences and emotional presence in communities of inquiry: Teachers’ expressions of digital technology-enabled teaching
Sundgren, Marcus; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Cleveland-Innes, Martha
This work was built on two strands of earlier research on the community of inquiry framework (CoI). The first strand was Biglan's seminal work on disciplinary epistemological structures and how these structures impact ...
Match: cleveland-innes, martha; communities

E-Learning in the 21st Century
Garrison, D. Randy
The third edition of E-Learning in the 21st Century provides a coherent, comprehensive, and empirically-based framework for understanding e-learning in higher education. Garrison draws on his decades of experience and ...
Match: garrison, d. randy; blended learning; community of inquiry
The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.