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A Constructivist Approach to Online Learning: The Community of Inquiry Framework
Swan, Karen · Garrison, D. R. · Richardson, Jennifer C.

Published2009
Book titleInformation Technology and Constructivism in Higher Education: Progressive Learning Frameworks
Chapter 4, Pages 43-57
PublisherIGI Global
CountryUnited States, Canada, North America

ABSTRACT
This chapter presents a theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John Dewey’s progressive understanding of education. The CoI framework is a process model of online learning which views the online educational experience as arising from the interaction of three presences – social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence. Each of these three elements in the CoI framework are described and related to Dewey’s work, and research findings and issues concerning them reviewed. The development of a common CoI survey measure that promises to address some of these issues is described and discussed. The chapter concludes with emerging findings from new studies which use the CoI survey, directions for future research, and practical uses of the CoI framework.

Keywords constructivism, Dewey, CoI survey

CoI focusFull model
InstrumentCoI survey
ContributionConceptual
Study aim"This chapter presents a theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John Dewey’s progressive understanding of education."
LanguageEnglish
ISBN9781605666549
RefereedYes
Rights2009 IGI Global
DOI10.4018/978-1-60566-654-9.ch004
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


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The Community of Inquiry is a project of Athabasca University, Mount Royal University, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, and the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, as well as researchers and members of the CoI community.