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Assessing Social Presence In Asynchronous Text-based Computer Conferencing
Rourke, Liam · Anderson, Terry · Garrison, Randy · Archer, Walter

Published2001
JournalJournal of Distance Education
Volume 14, Issue 2
CountryCanada, North America

ABSTRACT
Instructional media such as computer conferencing engender high levels of student-student and student-teacher interaction; therefore, they can support models of teaching and learning that are highly interactive and consonant with the communicative ideals of university education. This potential and the ubiquity of computer conferencing in higher education prompted three of the authors of the this article to develop a community of inquiry model that synthesizes pedagogical principles with the inherent instructional and access benefits of computer conferencing (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000). This article explicates one element of the model, social presence. Social presence is defined as the ability of learners to project themselves socially and affectively into a community of inquiry. A template for assessing social presence in computer conferencing is presented through content analysis of conferencing transcripts. To facilitate explication of the scheme and subsequent replication of this study, selections of coded transcripts are included, along with interrater reliability figures. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications and benefits of assessing social presence for instructors, conference moderators, and researchers.


CoI focusSocial presence
MethodologyQuantitative
Study designExperimental with control
Data analysisTranscript analysis
InstrumentCoI transcript analysis
Sample size134
Study aim"The review focuses on one element of the model: social presence. A review of the development of the construct social presence is presented, followed by the introduction of a template for the assessment of social presence."
LanguageEnglish
ISSN0830-0445
RefereedYes
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


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