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Cognitive presence in online learning
Kanuka, Heather and Garrison, D. Randy

PublishedMarch 2004
JournalJournal of Computing in Higher Education
Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 30-48
CountryCanada, North America

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to advance understanding of how to facilitate higher levels of learning when using asynchronous text-based Internet communication technology. The framework used to guide this study is based on the community of inquiry model developed by Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2000). Crucial methodological constructs congruent with this model and higher order learning were identified. They are discourse, collaboration, management, reflection, monitoring, and knowledge construction. Using a focus group interview, the results of this study reveal that these methodological constructs are consistent with, and supportive of, the facilitation of higher levels of learning in an asynchronous text-based Internet environment.

Keywords online learning · higher levels of learning · critical thinking · methodological constructs · community of inquiry

CoI focusFull model
Study designFocus group
ContributionConceptual
LanguageEnglish
ISSN1042-1726
RefereedYes
DOI10.1007/BF02940928
ExportBibTex · EndNote · Tagged XML · Google Scholar


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